Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual contact.
These infections often do not cause any symptoms. Medically, infections are only called diseases when they cause symptoms. That is why STDs are also called “sexually transmitted infections.” But it’s very common for people to use the terms “sexually transmitted diseases” or “STDs,” even when there are no signs of disease.
There are two major causes of STDs/STIs:
- Bacteria, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis
- Viruses, including HIV/AIDS, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B virus, and cytomegalovirus (CMV; pronounced sahy-toh-MEG-uh-loh-vahy-ruhs), yeasts and protozoan parasites, such as Trichomonas vaginalis (pronounced TRIK-uh-MOH-nuss vaj-uh-NAHY-lis), or insects such as crab lice or scabies mites, cause STDs/STIs.1
Any STD/STI can be spread through sexual intercourse, and some STDs/STIs also are spread through oral sex and sex play. Ejaculation does not have to occur for an STD/STI to be passed from person to person. Sharing contaminated needles used to inject drugs or using contaminated body piercing and tattooing equipment also can transmit some infections, such as HIV or hepatitis B and C. Continue Reading
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of your genital tract. Chlamydia may be difficult to detect because early-stage infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. When they do occur, they usually start one to three weeks after you’ve been exposed to chlamydia. Even when signs and symptoms occur, they’re often mild and passing, making them easy to overlook.
Signs and symptoms may include:
- Painful urination
- Lower abdominal pain
- Vaginal discharge in women
- Discharge from the penis in men
- Pain during sexual intercourse in women
- Bleeding between periods in women
- Testicular pain in men Continue Reading
The treatment of STDs depends on the infection. In the case of gonorrhea and chlamydia, your doctor will usually give an antibiotic injection to treat gonorrhea and oral antibiotics to treat chlamydia.
Genital herpes is a lifelong infection with no cure. However, the blistering skin sores won’t last as long if you treat genital herpes with an oral antiviral medication as soon as symptoms of an attack occur. If you have frequent attacks, you should ask your doctor for a prescription for an antiviral medication, such as acyclovir(Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir) or valacyclovir (Valtrex) so that you will have it when you need it. Taking antiviral medicine every day may reduce the frequency of attacks by 80 percent in people who have frequent episodes of severe genital herpes. Continue Reading
How Do STD Home-Testing Kits Work?
Self-test diagnostic kits can be purchased over the counter (OTC) at most major pharmacies as well as online and used at home. Typically, these tests involve collecting a sample of urine, blood or feces. Some of the simpler kits will give results within minutes, usually by showing a change in color in a test material. Other kits may require the tester to send in their sample for more extensive laboratory testing. The results are then either sent to the customer or to their General Practitioner. Continue Reading
The cold, together with chest cold and common cold, and seasonal respiratory illness square measure caused by viruses. Use over-the-counter cold medications to alleviate symptoms together with inflammatory disease, runny nose, congestion, and cough. respiratory illness symptoms square measure similar, however embrace fever, headache and muscle soreness. See a doctor UN agency could impose antiviral medications Relenza or Tamiflu.
The flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:
- Fever* or feeling feverish/chills
- Sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Muscle or body aches
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults. For More information Click Here
Flu viruses travel through the air in droplets when someone with the infection coughs, sneezes or talks. You can inhale the droplets directly, or you can pick up the germs from an object — such as a telephone or computer keyboard — and then transfer them to your eyes, nose or mouth.
People with the virus are likely contagious from the day or so before symptoms first appear until about five days after symptoms begin, though sometimes people are contagious for as long as 10 days after symptoms appear. Click Here
Since a cough is a symptom, not a disease, often the significance or cause of a cough can only be determined when all other symptoms are evaluated by a healthcare professional.
There is no cure for a cold or flu, but symptoms can be treated. Cold or flu sufferers should get extra rest and drink plenty of fluids. There are many over the counter remedies which can help alleviate symptoms. Click Here
Misconceptions about Flu Vaccines:
No, a flu shot cannot cause flu illness. Flu vaccines given with a needle are currently made in two ways: the vaccine is made either with a) flu vaccine viruses that have been ‘inactivated’ and are therefore not infectious, or b) with no flu vaccine viruses at all (which is the case for recombinant influenza vaccine). The most common side effects from the influenza shot are soreness, redness, tenderness or swelling where the shot was given. Low-grade fever, headache and muscle aches also may occur. For More Information Click Here
Myths About Flu Shots
You can catch the flu from the vaccine.
Healthy people don’t need to be vaccinated.
Getting the flu vaccination is all you need to do to protect yourself from the flu
The flu is just a bad cold.
You can’t spread the flu if you’re feeling well. For More Information Click Here
Things To know about Flu Vaccine
There are only so many flu shots to go around each year. If you wait too long, you may find your pediatrician or local walk-in clinic runs out and you’ll have to drive out of town to find a supply. Shipments of this year’s influenza have already begun and will continue through the fall and early part of winter. So, call your family doctor or someone at your local urgent care center to get your shots as soon as you can.
Hopefully these information have answered any questions you might have and put your mind at ease about vaccinating yourself and your family from influenza this year. Be sure to make an appointment with you family doctor or walk into your local urgent care center to receive your shot. For More Information Click Here
With our daily routine running at high speed, here’s 5 simple ways to prevent flu, and other viral infections. It’s important to always have a healthy diet. Incorporate fresh, whole foods that are high in macrobiotics. Make sure you eat sufficient amount of vegetables, meat, seafood and fruits to give you the nutrients you need to survive the day. For More Information Click Here
You may find yourself in a situation where you need some medical care, but it’s not life-threatening and you don’t need an emergency room. Your doctor won’t be able to see you for a week or it’s after hours and your doctor’s office is closed. What do you do? You have options. One is to visit an urgent care center. Urgent care clinics are popping up throughout the country and you’re likely to find one in your own neighborhood. So too are retail clinics. So what’s the difference? Is one better than the other?
No matter where you live, you should always be aware of community options when it comes to medical and general health care services. Most of us are aware of the location of the nearest hospital and emergency room, but what about urgent care Brooklyn or retail clinics in your neighborhood? Continue Reading
The number of people with STDs is higher now than at any other point in history for the American nation. It is something that everyone needs to be considerate about and actually help towards fighting. The biggest way to fight STDs is by educating every sexually active person about how and why it spreads, and it is equally important to explain to people who are not sexually active just so once they do become active they are safer.
Now before we get into detail about fighting STDs, we need to realize that true success can only come from prevention. This is one of the reasons why there are STD testing centers in various cities; the number of people getting STD testing in Brooklyn has rapidly increased amongst other cities. This is a good sign; however, there is still a long way to go as far as prevention is concerned. The only sure fire way to remain protected is to not have sex. It is important to have a limited number of sexual partners and all of them should regularly get testing done. It is a lot easier to fight a disease if it is caught early on. Continue Reading
Immigrants applying for a U.S. visa must schedule and attended medical examinations before their interview dates. The medical examination services should be provided by a physician who is authorized by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to conduct such examination tests (https://www.uscis.gov/). The completion of medical examinations after the visa interviews may lead to delayed processing of the visa until the medical examinations are received by the U.S. Embassy. For that reason, applicants who need their visa to be completed within the shortest time possible are required and encouraged to complete their Immigration medical examinations before attending the visa interviews.
There are various examinations that are done as part of the visa application process. Medical examinations involve reviewing the medical history of the applicant for any potential complications (U.S. Department of State-Bureau of Consular Affairs, 2016). The tests also involve a physical examination of the applicant’s well-being. Physical examination includes the inspection of diverse body parts such as the eyes, nose, external genitalia, skin, ears and the throat. Internal organs like the heart, lymph nodes, and the abdomen are also examined. Blood tests and X-rays are also part of the examination process. Once the process is done, the physician hand over the results to the applicant in hard copy to present them during the visa interview. The physician can also decide to send the results directly to the Consulate or the U.S. Embassy. Continue Reading